शिव पुराण हिन्दूओं का एक पवित्र धर्म-ग्रन्थ है। इसमें भगवान शिव की महिमा कही गई है। वायवीय संहिता (वेंकटेश्वर प्रेस संस्करण) में कही गयी एक परम्परा के अनुसार, मूलरूप से यह शैव पुराण के नाम से जाना जाता था। परम्परानुसार इसमें मूलरूप से १२ संहिताएँ थीं और १ लाख श्लोक थे। महर्षि वेदव्यास द्वारा पुनर्निर्माण और संक्षिप्तीकरण के बाद वर्तमान संस्करण में २४,००० श्लोक हैं, जिनका उपदेश उन्होंने अपने शिष्य रोमहर्षण (या लोमहर्षण) को किया था।
The Shiva Purana is one of eighteen Purana genre of Sanskrit texts in Hinduism, and part of the Shaivism literature corpus. It primarily centers around the Hindu god Shiva and goddess Parvati, but references and reveres all gods.
The Shiva Purana asserts that it once consisted of 100,000 verses set out in twelve samhitas (books), however the Purana adds that it was abridged by sage Vyasa before being taught to Romaharshana. The surviving manuscripts exist in many different versions and content, with one major version with seven books (traced to South India), another with six books, while the third version traced to the medieval Bengal region of South Asia with no books but two large sections called Purva-khanda (previous section) and Uttara-khanda (later section). The two versions that include books, title some of the books same and others differently. The Shiva Purana, like other Puranas in Hindu literature, was likely a living text, which was routinely edited, recast and revised over a long period of time. The oldest manuscript of surviving texts was likely composed, estimates Klaus Klostermaier, around 10th- to 11th-century CE. Some chapters of currently surviving Shiva Purana manuscripts were likely composed after the 14th-century.
The Shiva Purana contains chapters with Shiva-centered cosmology, mythology, relationship between gods, ethics, Yoga, Tirtha (pilgrimage) sites, bhakti, rivers and geography, and other topics. The text is an important source of historic information on different types and theology behind Shaivism in early 2nd-millennium CE. The oldest surviving chapters of the Shiva Purana have significant Advaita Vedanta philosophy, which is mixed in with theistic elements of bhakti.
In the 19th- and 20th-century, the Vayu Purana was sometimes titled as Shiva Purana, and sometimes proposed as a part of the complete Shiva Purana. With the discovery of more manuscripts, modern scholarship considers the two text as different, with Vayu Purana as the more older text composed sometime before 2nd-century CE. Some scholars list it as a Mahapurana, while some state it is an Upapurana.